郭熙（约1000～约1090年），北宋杰出画家、绘画理论家。字淳夫，河阳（今河南温县）人。 他出身平民，早年信奉道教，游于方外，以画闻名。熙宁元年召入画院，后任翰林待诏直长。山水师法李成，山石创为状如卷云的皴笔，后人称为“卷云皴”。 他画山水注重深入体察生活，能真实、细致、微妙地表现出不同地区、季节、气候的特点，得“远近浅深，四时朝暮，风雨明晦之不同”，创造出极其丰富优美动人的意境，另外他还长于影塑，在墙壁上用泥堆塑浮雕式的山水，别具情趣。
Guo Xi (about 1000-1900) was an outstanding painter and painting theorist in the Northern Song Dynasty. Zichunfu, a native of Heyang (now Wenxian County, Henan Province). He was born in a civilian family. In his early years, he believed in Taoism and traveled abroad. He was famous for his paintings. In the first year of Xining, he was summoned to the Painting Academy, and later he was appointed to the imperial court of Hanlin. Li Cheng, a master of landscape, created a pen like cirrus clouds, later known as cirrus clouds. He pays attention to the in-depth observation of life, can truly, meticulously and subtly show the characteristics of different regions, seasons and climates, get "far and near, shallow and shallow, evening and dark, wind and rain are different", create a very rich and beautiful and moving mood, and he is also good at shadow sculpture, relief-sculpture-like mountains and waters on the wall with mud, unique interest.