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【艺评】孙晓云:让优美的中国字传递中国精神

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■特邀艺评人:孙晓云(中国书法家协会主席)

十九届六中全会《决议》指出,“文化自信是更基础、更广泛、更深厚的自信,是一个国家、一个民族发展中最基本、最深沉、最持久的力量,没有高度文化自信、没有文化繁荣兴盛就没有中华民族伟大复兴。”

在新时代中国特色社会主义思想的指引下,全国书法工作者近年来不断沿着培根铸魂、守正创新的正确道路,为时代创作、为人民书写。站在新起点,我们要更加坚定地认识到,有悠久历史的中华优秀传统文化,是中华民族的突出优势,是我们在世界文化激荡中站稳脚跟的根基。中国书法是中华文化的独特标识和精神象征,我们要牢牢植根中华优秀传统文化的这片丰厚土壤,以书法坚定文化自信,激发强大的精神力量。

以书法承载文化自信,是从中华民族绵延五千年历史中汲取的精神力量。文化自信,源于我们深厚的历史积淀。中国作为一个地大物博的泱泱大国,历经五千年的风雨沧桑,创造了辉煌灿烂的历史文化,积累了丰厚的文艺硕果与思想菁华。尤其是在中国共产党的领导下,中华民族迎来了从站起来、富起来到强起来的伟大飞跃,这是任何一个时代所不能比拟的。当今,文化也面临着前所未有的新局面,需要我们鉴古观今,从中国历史中汲取智慧。正如王羲之在《兰亭集序》里的一句话,“后之视今,亦犹今之视昔”,这句千古名言,提醒我们在绵延传承的历史之中思考昨天、今天与明天。

孙晓云书法:书《文心雕龙》句

汉字是中华文化的根与魂。中国书法独特的精神气韵之中,沉淀着中华文化的基因。不论是甲骨竹简、勒石刻碑还是雕版刻印、活字印刷,都离不开文字,离不开书法。在过去任何一个时代,书法作为历史记载者和文化传播者,都是不可或缺的。书以载道,字如心画,不论作文赋诗还是记言录史,文化的传播和民族精神的延续,都是需要一代代的文人墨客、能工巧匠接续完成的历史使命。

“落其实者思其树,饮其流者怀其源。”不忘来时的路,才能走好未来的路。就书写工具而言,在短短几十年间,我们就经历了从毛笔、钢笔、签字笔到电脑以及语音输入的历史性变革,但无论形式怎么改变,中国历史都是靠文字记录与流传的,我们至今还在使用老祖宗留下来的文字。中国文化中,文字和书写是并行的。而几千年书写形成的中国文明、中国精神,是中国书法给与的。文化自信就包含着对中国书法的自信。这种自信始终鼓舞着我,让我牢记,永远不能丢掉手中的毛笔。

文艺是时代前进的号角。书法作为文艺的一种形式,也同样肩负着为时代前行鼓与呼的重任。除了记言录史的功能之外,书法还有无声的魅力、迷人的定力、特殊的感染力。传统书法包涵着中华民族共通的审美与情感,尤其是它所蕴藉的风骨与思想,更是对于当代人具有涵养品德、砥砺精神的作用。当代书法工作者,应当清醒地认识到自己承担的历史使命。我们要通过书法的传承弘扬,唤起全民族精神的认同、审美的认同,起到凝聚、团结、向心、确立的作用,鼓舞和激励大家以更加坚定、自信、饱满的精神状态,在新时代的奋斗路上高高扬起精神的风帆。

以书法激发文化自信,是满足人民群众美好生活新期待的迫切需求。文化自信不是口号,它有着非常具体的内容。中华传统文化的复兴,首先要从“我”做起。进入新时代,更好满足人民群众美好生活新期待,其中就包括对精神文化生活的更高需求。随着整个民族的文化自觉和文化自信的日益增强,大家对于学习传统书法的热情也在高涨。在人民群众心中,他们对书法家有着什么样的要求和期待?什么样的作品才让人民喜欢?我们当代书法工作者,要真正去关注社会需求,为人民提供更多更好的精神食粮。

我生长在传统文化、革命文化和社会主义先进文化并存的家庭,从小对书法的真挚热爱,就是我的初心。我曾插过队、当过兵,这些最基层的工作经历,让我得以长期了解人民群众最需要什么、最喜欢什么、最向往什么。我连续几十年来积极组织参加文化惠民、慈善义捐、书法讲堂、签名售书等,让我真切感受到百姓对于传统文化的巨大热情和由衷喜爱。看到那么多人喜爱书法,这是一种动力、也是一种印证。同时,我也了解人民群众对我的评价和建议,去进一步努力、修正。经过这样的互动与递进,更加坚定了让书法为人民服务的宗旨,也让我坚信,书法就是全体中国人共同的精神家园。

这五年来,我参加了中国文联组织的“崇德尚艺 做有信仰有情怀有担当的新时代文艺工作者”巡回宣讲,我和其他几位艺术家,在这五年里去了新疆、贵州、青海、广西、云南、山东、广东、上海、天津、重庆等二十多个省市以及部队等,分别以《以60年的书法实践传承中国书法》《一笔一画书写伟大时代》为题,与基层广大文艺工作者面对面地交流。在许多偏远地区,每到一处,都受到热烈欢迎,原来有那么多人由衷热爱书法,我深感书法真的是最深入人心、能够唤起文化自信的具体方式。

让书法更加深入人心,我们不仅要创作更多雅俗众赏、正大气象的作品,我们还要更加广泛地传播书法之美,让书法更多地进入学校、家庭、厅堂、场馆,悬挂于书房、工作室、会议室,甚至滚动于荧光屏、幕墙等,让书法不再成为少数人的艺术,而是成为中国人每一天必须接触的日常生活,让书法真正成为中国传统文化的精神标志与符号,让优美的中国字传递中国精神,这就是我们文化自信的最具体体现。

孙晓云书法:五律一首颂白衣勇士

以书法弘扬文化自信,是当代书法工作者实践与行动的自觉追求。当前,我们所处的新时代波澜壮阔、气象万千。作为书法工作者,应当把个人艺术追求与时代发展贯通结合起来,为时代画像、为时代立传、为时代明德,发挥书法记言录史的功能,反映历史巨变、描绘精神图谱。今年,中国书法家协会在国家博物馆、国家图书馆举办了“伟业——庆祝中国共产党成立一百周年书法大展”,让书法艺术融入百年党史的宏大叙事,让个人的书法事业投身到伟大时代的目标任务中去,书写出人民喜闻乐见、雅俗共赏、记录和歌颂时代的书法作品。

心怀“国之大者”,紧扣中国传统文化与时代重大历史节点而书写,这是新时代文艺工作者应该承担的责任。近年来,我书写了《四书》《道德经》以及历代家规家训,是大家所熟悉的传统文化精华;《诗意江南》用传统笔墨书写江南图像的诗文,歌颂小康路上的江南鱼米之乡;《中国赋》书写描写江山多娇、宇殿楼阁、四时物候、东方奇迹等内容的历代经典词赋;今年我又书写了《运河颂》,描绘壮美运河篇章,向建党百年献礼。我始终将自己定位为一名“书法实践者”,我要做的就是把中国传统书法的古代经典进行活化,努力在中国传统书法和当代书法之间搭建起一座桥梁,将我的书写、体会与经验传递给别人,让更多人进入中国传统书法的书写学习,进入传统书法的审美世界。

孙晓云书法:书《易经》句

美育可以从书法开始,中华民族的文化自信就是从写好字开始,这是每一个中国人随时随地可做的事情。孔子说“吾日三省吾身”,通过中国汉字一笔一画的训练,进行自省、自律、自查,不断修炼人格、完善自我、提升境界,可以给更多的人带来获得感和幸福感。作为书法工作者,我们要潜移默化地让更多人走近书法,感受到中国传统文化的魅力,继而增强文化自信。这是一个“润物细无声”的过程,正如一滴雨珠,每一个人把自己的职责尽好,越来越多的雨珠汇聚成一场春雨,“好雨知时节,当春乃发生”,社会主义文化繁荣兴盛也就到来了。

我始终认为,我们每一个人就是中国文化这棵茂盛大树上的一片小小的叶子,我们不断地从中国文化的这棵大树根上汲取营养,繁茂地生长,最后形成一片浓密的绿荫。而这参天大树下的绿荫,正是庇护我们中华民族繁荣昌盛的精神家园。我们要加倍努力,让中国书法成为我们日常生活不可分割的重要内容,成为立于世界之林的独一无二的中国标识,成为中华民族伟大复兴的神圣象征。

责任编辑:

■ specially invited art critic: Sun Xiaoyun (Chairman of China Calligraphers Association) pointed out in the resolution of the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, & ldquo; Cultural self-confidence is more basic, broader and deeper self-confidence. It is the most basic, deepest and lasting force in the development of a country and a nation. Without high cultural self-confidence and cultural prosperity, there will be no great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation& rdquo; Under the guidance of the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, calligraphy workers across the country have been following the correct path of bacon casting the soul, upholding integrity and innovation in recent years, creating for the times and writing for the people. Standing at a new starting point, we should more firmly realize that the excellent Chinese traditional culture with a long history is the outstanding advantage of the Chinese nation and the foundation for us to stand firm in the agitation of world culture. Chinese calligraphy is the unique symbol and spiritual symbol of Chinese culture. We should firmly rooted in this rich soil of Chinese excellent traditional culture, use calligraphy to strengthen cultural self-confidence and stimulate strong spiritual strength. Carrying cultural confidence with calligraphy is the spiritual strength drawn from the 5000 year history of the Chinese nation. Cultural confidence comes from our profound historical accumulation. As a great country with vast territory and abundant resources, China has experienced 5000 years of vicissitudes, created a brilliant history and culture, and accumulated rich literary and artistic achievements and ideological brilliance. Especially under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, becoming rich to becoming strong, which is unmatched in any era. Today, culture is also facing an unprecedented new situation. We need to learn from the past and the present and draw wisdom from Chinese history. As Wang Xizhi said in preface to Lanting anthology, & ldquo; The future looks at the present, and the present looks at the past & rdquo;, This famous saying reminds us to think about yesterday, today and tomorrow in the continuous history. Sun Xiaoyun's Calligraphy: the Chinese characters in Wen Xin Diao Long are the root and soul of Chinese culture. The unique spiritual charm of Chinese calligraphy precipitates the gene of Chinese culture. Whether it is Oracle Bone bamboo slips, Leshi steles, block engraving and movable type printing, it is inseparable from words and calligraphy. In any past era, calligraphy, as a historical recorder and cultural communicator, is indispensable. Books carry Tao and words are like heart paintings. Whether writing poems or recording history, the dissemination of culture and the continuation of national spirit are historical missions that need to be completed by generations of writers and craftsmen& ldquo; Those who fall in fact think of their trees, and those who drink their flow cherish their source& rdquo; Only when we don't forget the way we came, can we take the road of a better future. In terms of writing tools, in just a few decades, we have experienced historic changes from brush, pen and signature pen to computer and voice input. However, no matter how the form changes, Chinese history depends on written records and spread. We still use the words left by our ancestors. In Chinese culture, writing and writing are parallel. The Chinese civilization and spirit formed by thousands of years of writing are given by Chinese calligraphy. Cultural confidence includes confidence in Chinese calligraphy. This confidence always inspires me and makes me remember that I can never lose my brush. Literature and art are the clarion call for the advancement of the times. As a form of literature and art, calligraphy also shoulders the important task of encouraging and calling for the advancement of the times. In addition to the function of recording history, calligraphy also has silent charm, charming concentration and special appeal. Traditional calligraphy contains the common aesthetic and emotion of the Chinese nation, especially its character and thought. It plays a role in cultivating morality and sharpening spirit for contemporary people. Contemporary calligraphers should be soberly aware of their historical mission. Through the inheritance and promotion of calligraphy, we should arouse the recognition of the spirit and aesthetics of the whole nation, play the role of cohesion, unity, centripetality and establishment, encourage and encourage everyone to raise their spiritual sails on the road of struggle in the new era with a more firm, confident and full mental state. Stimulating cultural self-confidence with calligraphy is an urgent need to meet the new expectations of the people for a better life. Cultural confidence is not a slogan, it has very specific content. The revival of Chinese traditional culture should start with & ldquo; I & rdquo; Start. In the new era, we should better meet the people's new expectations for a better life, including higher needs for spiritual and cultural life. With the increasing cultural consciousness and cultural confidence of the whole nation, everyone's enthusiasm for learning traditional calligraphy is also rising. In the hearts of the people, what are their requirements and expectations for calligraphers? What kind of works make people like? We contemporary calligraphy workers should really pay attention to social needs and provide more and better spiritual food for the people. I grew up in a family where traditional culture, revolutionary culture and advanced socialist culture coexist. My sincere love for calligraphy is my original heart. I have joined the team and served as a soldier. These grass-roots work experiences enable me to understand for a long time what the people need most, like most and yearn for most. For decades, I have actively organized and participated in cultural benefits to the people, charitable donations, calligraphy lectures, signature book sales, etc., which makes me truly feel the people's great enthusiasm and heartfelt love for traditional culture. It is a kind of motivation to see and love calligraphy. At the same time, I also understand the people's comments and suggestions on me, and make further efforts and amendments. Through such interaction and progress, I have strengthened the purpose of making calligraphy serve the people, and I firmly believe that calligraphy is the common spiritual home of all Chinese people. In the past five years, I have participated in the & ldquo; Advocating morality and art, being a new era literary and artistic worker with faith, feelings and responsibility & rdquo; In the past five years, I and several other artists went to more than 20 provinces and cities such as Xinjiang, Guizhou, Qinghai, Guangxi, Yunnan, Shandong, Guangdong, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing, as well as the army. They exchanged face-to-face with the majority of grass-roots literary and artistic workers under the topics of inheriting Chinese calligraphy with 60 years of calligraphy practice and writing the great era with one stroke and one painting. In many remote areas, they are warmly welcomed everywhere. Originally, there are so many people who sincerely love calligraphy. I deeply feel that calligraphy is really the most popular and specific way to arouse cultural confidence. To make calligraphy more popular, we should not only create more elegant and popular works, but also more widely spread the beauty of calligraphy, let calligraphy enter schools, families, halls and venues, hang in study rooms, studios, conference rooms, and even roll on fluorescent screens and curtain walls, so that calligraphy will no longer become the art of a few people, but become the daily life that Chinese people must contact every day, Let calligraphy truly become the spiritual symbol and symbol of Chinese traditional culture, and let the beautiful Chinese characters convey the Chinese spirit, which is the most concrete embodiment of our cultural self-confidence. Sun Xiaoyun's Calligraphy: the five laws and one Ode to the white warrior. Promoting cultural self-confidence with calligraphy is the conscious pursuit of contemporary calligraphy workers' practice and action. At present, the new era we live in is magnificent and magnificent. As a calligrapher, he should combine his personal artistic pursuit with the development of the times, make a portrait of the times, make a biography of the times and clarify the morality of the times, give full play to the function of calligraphy in recording the history, reflect the great changes of history and depict the spiritual map. This year, the Chinese Calligraphers Association held & ldquo; Great cause & mdash& mdash; Calligraphy exhibition celebrating the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China;, Let calligraphy art be integrated into the grand narrative of the Centennial party history, let personal calligraphy career devote to the goals and tasks of the great era, and write calligraphy works loved by the people, appreciated by both refined and popular customs, recorded and praised the times. Mind & ldquo; The greater of the country;, It is the responsibility of writers and artists in the new era to write close to the major historical nodes of Chinese traditional culture and the times. In recent years, I have written the four books, the Tao Te Ching and the family rules and family precepts of previous dynasties, which are the familiar essence of traditional culture; "Poetic Jiangnan" uses traditional pen and ink to write the poetry of the image of Jiangnan, praising the land of fish and rice in Jiangnan on the road to a well-off society; "Chinese Fu" is a classic poem describing the charming rivers and mountains, Yudian pavilions, four seasons, Oriental miracles and so on; This year, I wrote "Ode to the canal", depicting the magnificent chapter of the canal and paying tribute to the centenary of the founding of the party. I always position myself as a & ldquo; Calligraphy practitioner;, What I want to do is to activate the ancient classics of Chinese traditional calligraphy, strive to build a bridge between Chinese traditional calligraphy and contemporary calligraphy, transfer my writing, experience and experience to others, and let more people enter the writing study of Chinese traditional calligraphy and the aesthetic world of traditional calligraphy. Sun Xiaoyun Calligraphy: the aesthetic education of the sentences in the book of changes can start from calligraphy. The cultural confidence of the Chinese nation starts from writing good characters. This is what every Chinese can do anytime and anywhere. Confucius said & ldquo; I think twice every day;, Through the training of one stroke and one painting of Chinese characters, self-examination, self-discipline and self-examination, and continuous cultivation of personality, self-improvement and improvement of realm, it can bring a sense of gain and happiness to more people. As calligraphers, we should imperceptibly let more people approach calligraphy, feel the charm of Chinese traditional culture, and then enhance cultural self-confidence. This is a & ldquo; Moisten things silently & rdquo; The process of is like a raindrop. Everyone does their duty well. More and more raindrops converge into a spring rain, & ldquo; Good rain knows the season, when spring happens & rdquo;, The prosperity of socialist culture is coming. I always believe that each of us is a small leaf on the lush tree of Chinese culture. We constantly absorb nutrition from the root of the tree of Chinese culture, grow luxuriantly, and finally form a dense shade. The shade under the towering trees is the spiritual home that protects the prosperity of our Chinese nation. We should redouble our efforts to make Chinese calligraphy an integral part of our daily life, a unique Chinese logo standing in the forest of the world and a sacred symbol of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Responsible editor:
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