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中国书法为什么需要写字匠精神?

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  我们常常谈到一个人,他只会写字,是个写字匠,就觉得看不起他,瞧不起他似的,就感觉好像他比那些自称为艺术家的人要低上一大截子似的,似乎只有艺术家这样的字眼,只有艺术这样高贵,高雅、难懂的词汇才能形容书法。然而,书法除了艺术之外,是不是有别的东西呢?当然是有的。

  

  我们今天去探求书法这个词汇到底它的属性在哪里的时候,往往将其归类到艺术的范畴,似乎艺术可以囊括一切,艺术可以概括书法的一生。你今天去寻求这个书法词汇上的解释,会明白告诉你,他是一个艺术,是书写汉字的艺术。然而,书法中的那个法字,总是感觉和我们今天大众流行的、对于书法艺术本位的思考是截然对立的,既然是艺术,为何不像韩国或者其他一样,称之为书道或者书艺呢?而中国书法之所以还能够称之为书法,原因在于对于法则的坚守。所以我们从这个层面上就可以看到,法是中国书法的最终落脚点,而书只不过是一个书写的动作,是一个动作性的概述。

  

  这个书写的动作,要始终受到“法”的制约和规范,因此,我们的古人再创造书法这个词汇的时候,其实隐含了一种法则和技巧性的东西在其中。而所谓的法则,其实说白了就是对你所想要呈现的一个效果的约束,比方说对于笔画的要求、对于结构上的安排、对于章法上的谋局部篇,都是有要求的,你要这样做,你要那样做。

  

  然而这其中的一个转化是,中国书法渐渐衍生了一套好的书法的标准,这个标准就对应于法的要求,而为了达到这样的标准,为了呈现这样的效果,你应该如何使用技巧去熟练完美的表现出来。在这重重的约束下,书法家还要考虑如何表达个人情感和理想,如何流露感情,这样一来,创作范围又小了一步,慢慢的趋于紧缩的状态。

  

  所以,中国书法在艺术性的要求同时,还必要的辅以技巧性的东西在其中。这样有了这个技巧性的东西,就必然有那么一群人,他们注重技巧的传承,本身又很有领悟能力,模仿能力,但是可能在艺术性上,在表现自己灵性和气质上是没有天赋的,这样的人,一般称之为写字匠。然而这样的人存在又有什么不好的呢?又有什么害处呢?我实在想不出来究竟有什么破坏性,反而他们在掌握技巧的同时,一定有他掌握技巧的本领和能力,这个地方,应该是我们值得学习和探究的。

  

  南开大学田蕴章教授就在自己的讲座中承认自己是一个写字匠,而且他说写字匠又有什么不好呢?他反倒觉得写字匠、书奴是一个褒奖,是一个荣耀,确实如此。假如一个人的技巧性可以掌握到如此熟练,那么这样人到底在书法上会有什么瑕疵和罪过呢?他至少比胡涂乱抹的假书法家要好很多吧。而我们当今的书法,有时候会感觉到他们太注重艺术了,尤其是艺术的自由抒发,这本来是无可挑剔的,但是太过的自由失去约束力就会成为野蛮,野性,甚至是狂妄,没有自由是不好的,强调过头了也不行。

  

  这也可能是大部分人对于中国书坛目前现状感到不满的原因之一。但是,或许所有的文化门类都这样吧,都需要经历一个狂妄放荡的年代,当狂妄放荡过头了之后,总有传统的力量,将我们拉回来,让我们站在一个历史的天平到达平衡的瞬间,感受一下那时候的和谐统一。然后再向着另一个极端滑去,然后再被拉回来,在这样反反复复的拉扯过程中,并不是毫无意义的此消彼长式的拉锯战和重复,这种向着反方向延伸拓展的过程,本身就是一个不断展开艺术、文化的张力,开拓新边疆的过程,这大概是艺术或者说文化史上一个很有趣的规律吧!


< P style = "margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft elegant black & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" > We often talk about a person who can only write and is a writer. We feel that we look down on him and look down on him. It feels as if he is much lower than those who call themselves artists. It seems that only words like artists and words like art can describe calligraphy. However, is there anything else besides art in calligraphy? Of course < P style = "margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft elegant black & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" > < / P > < figure style = "color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft YaHei & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" >< p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px;">< img src=" https://n.sinaimg.cn/sinakd10121/145/w360h585/20220318/d470-62cd125ce94f47df141045ed97294ed7.png " w="360" h="585" wh="0.62" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px none; vertical-align: top; max-width: 100%; ">

when we explore the attribute of calligraphy today, we often classify it into the category of art. It seems that art can cover everything and art can summarize the life of calligraphy. If you seek the explanation of calligraphy vocabulary today, you will clearly tell you that it is an art and the art of writing Chinese characters. However, the Dharma character in calligraphy always feels popular and right with us today The thinking of calligraphy art standard is diametrically opposed. Since it is art, why not call it calligraphy or calligraphy art like South Korea or others? The reason why Chinese calligraphy can also be called calligraphy lies in its adherence to the rules. Therefore, we can see from this level that FA is the final foothold of Chinese calligraphy, and the book is just a writing action and an overview of action < P style = "margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft elegant black & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" > < / P > < figure style = "color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft YaHei & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" >< p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px;">< img src=" https://n.sinaimg.cn/sinakd10121/137/w360h577/20220318/aece-4e51c24ece671455d6a3e7c95abc167b.png " w="360" h="577" wh="0.62" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px none; vertical-align: top; max-width: 100%; ">

this writing action should always be subject to" Dharma " Therefore, when our ancients re created the word calligraphy, they actually implied a rule and skill in it. The so-called law, in fact, is the constraint on an effect you want to present. For example, there are requirements for stroke requirements, structural arrangements and local articles in composition. You have to do this and that < P style = "margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft elegant black & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" > < / P > < figure style = "color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft YaHei & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" >< p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px;">< img src=" https://n.sinaimg.cn/sinakd10121/159/w360h599/20220318/aba7-58cf7d5d9892d217dac4729597d6568b.png " w="360" h="599" wh="0.60" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px none; vertical-align: top; max-width: 100%; ">

however, one of the transformations is that Chinese calligraphy has gradually derived a set of good calligraphy standards, which correspond to the requirements of law. In order to achieve such standards and present such effects, how should you use skills to skillfully and perfectly express them. Under these constraints, calligraphers also need to consider how to express their personal feelings and ideals and how to express their feelings. In this way, the scope of creation will be expanded Take a small step and slowly tend to be in a tight state < P style = "margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft elegant black & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" > < / P > < figure style = "color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft YaHei & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" >< p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px;">< img src=" https://n.sinaimg.cn/sinakd10121/144/w360h584/20220318/5895-b055a1c8287fae657089df300478914c.png " w="360" h="584" wh="0.62" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px none; vertical-align: top; max-width: 100%; ">

therefore, while Chinese calligraphy requires artistry, it is also necessary to supplement it with technical things. With this technical thing, there must be a group of people who pay attention to the inheritance of skills and have great comprehension and imitation ability. However, they may not have talent in artistry and expressing their spirituality and temperament. Such people are generally called writers. However, such people exist What's wrong with being here? What harm does it do? I really can't think of what is destructive. On the contrary, while mastering skills, they must have his ability and ability to master skills. This place should be worth learning and exploring < P style = "margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft elegant black & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" > < / P > < figure style = "color: rgb (77, 79, 83); font family: & quot; hiragino sans GB & quot;, & quot; Microsoft YaHei & quot;, & quot; \ \ 5fae soft YaHei & quot;, Simsun, & quot; \ \ 5b8b body & quot;, Arial; letter spacing: 1px; background color: rgb (255, 255, 255);" >< p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px;">< img src=" https://n.sinaimg.cn/sinakd10121/161/w360h601/20220318/6955-da591e56ea47465b55f4474d02dbe38e.png " w="360" h="601" wh="0.60" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px none; vertical-align: top; max-width: 100%; ">

in his lecture, Professor Tian Yunzhang of Nankai University admitted that he was a writer, and what's wrong with a writer? On the contrary, he thought that a writer and a Book Slave were a reward and an honor, indeed. If a person's skill could be mastered so skillfully, what defects and sins would such a person have in calligraphy? At least he was much better than a fake calligrapher who scribbled 。 Today's calligraphy sometimes feels that they pay too much attention to art, especially the free expression of art, which is impeccable, but too self-contained

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