王穀祥花卉图轴-明朝-山水

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 《花卉图》轴,明,王穀祥绘,纸本,墨笔,纵107.cm,横31.5cm。

  本幅自题诗一首,款署:“嘉靖己酉秋,穀祥写意并题,奉赠芝室解元先生用为左券云。”钤“酉室”朱文、“穀”“祥”朱文联珠印。另有文徵明题诗一则。鉴藏印有“蛰菴”朱文、“忠实传家”白文印两方。“己酉”为明嘉靖二十八年(1549年),作者时年49岁。

  此图绘灵芝几株,湖石挺立,桂花盛开。浓墨点苔,桂花树和灵芝刻画细腻,墨色渲染浓淡相间,富于变化,表现出桂花繁茂盛开的层次感。本幅笔法精谨,布局严整,明显受到了文徵明画法的影响。

  从本幅作者和文徵明的题诗可知,此图是为庆贺“芝室”先生秋闱(音围,指科举考试)之喜而作。当时文人图绘桂花祝贺“折桂”之人的做法很流行。本幅的巧妙之处在于作者绘的灵芝和山石正好与受画者的字号“芝室”谐音,再加之刻意描绘恣肆怒放的折枝桂花,使全幅生动地传达出“芝室折桂”的蕴意和对芝室“最是先枝君折取”的贺喜。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

"Flower Chart" axis, Ming Dynasty, Wang Guxiang drawing, paper, ink, 107.cm vertical, 31.5 cm horizontal.

This self-titled poem, the Department of Section: "Jiajing Youqiu, Guxiang freehand brushwork and title, presented to Mr. Zhishi Jieyuan for the left coupon cloud." Jun "Youshi" Zhu Wen, "Gu" and "Xiang" Zhu Wenlian Pearl Printing. There is another poem with a clear inscription. The collection is printed with Zhu Wen of Zhan'an and Bai Wen of Faithful Heritage. "Jiyou" is the twenty-eighth year of Jiajing in Ming Dynasty (1549). The author was 49 years old.

This picture shows several Ganoderma lucidum plants, lakes and rocks stand upright, sweet-scented osmanthus blossom. Thick ink dotted moss, sweet-scented osmanthus trees and Ganoderma lucidum are delicately depicted, and the ink color rendering is rich in changes, showing the sense of flourishing osmanthus hierarchy. This painting is precise and well-laid out, which is obviously influenced by Wen Zhengming's painting method.

As can be seen from the poems inscribed by the author and Wen Zhenming, this picture was written to celebrate the joy of Mr. Qiu Yong (Yinwei, referring to the imperial examination) of Zhishi. At that time, it was very popular for literati to draw osmanthus flowers to congratulate the people who "folded osmanthus". The ingenuity of this picture lies in the fact that the Ganoderma lucidum and the rocks painted by the author are in harmony with the name of the painted "Zhi Room", and the deliberate depiction of the wanton flourishing branches of Osmanthus fragrans, which vividly conveys the connotation of "Zhi Room Returns Osmanthus" and congratulations on the "first Zhi Jun Returns" of the Zhi Room

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