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"Ten-Year Map" Volume, Ming Dynasty, Silk, Coloured, 48.5 cm in length, 257 cm in transverse.
This picture has no stamp. At the end of the volume, there are Li Dongyang's book "Preface to Pictures and Poems in the Ten Years of Jiashen", "Binzhi" (Baiwen) and "Bachelor's Medal of University" (Zhu Wen) printed on each side. Later, there were 10 participants, including Min Kui, Zhang Da, Zeng Jian, Xie Duo, Jiao Fang, Liu Daxia, Daishan, Chen Qing, Wang Shi and Li Dongyang, singing and poems. The poems were seven rhythms, or two, or one poem. There were only three poems by Li Dongyang, totaling 18 poems written by himself, followed by Xie Duo's "Ten Years after the Ten Years of Books" in the following year of the meeting (Hongzhi 17 years of the Ming Dynasty, 1504), Liu Dong in Jiajing Jihai (1539). In 1988, the book "After Yanhui Volume in the same year of Shuzhuang Yigong", the postscript of Wang Shizhenlong's Qingji (three years, 1569), the postscript of Jiashen Ten-Year Picture Volume in the same year of Ming Dynasty, the postscript of Shen San, a nephew of Min's descent, had made a textual research in Kangxi's Wuchen (27 years, 1688), Shen Han's seven-word poem and Tan Zeluo's postscript in the 20 years of the Republic of China (1931).
This is a memorable group portrait depicting the gathering of 10 senior officials in the 16th year of Hongzhi Ming (1503). According to the preface and postscript of each participant after the volume, all 10 participants will be the same-ranked scholar of Jiashen (1464) in the eighth year of Shunzhi tomorrow. The gathering time will be March 25 of Lihai (1503) in the sixteenth year of Hongzhi. The gathering will be held in Dazuntang Hall of Minli Prefecture. The participants were all important ministers of the court. Min Qi was the oldest, 74 years old, and Li Dongyang was the youngest, 57 years old.
The characters in the picture are divided into three groups: Wang Shi of Shangshu, Wang Shi of Nanjing Hubu Department, Jiaofang of left official department, Xie Duo of right courtesy department; Zengjian of Shangshu of Ministry of Industry, Minpu of Shangshu of Ministry of Penalty, Zhangda of Ministry of Industry, Daishan of left imperial envoy of Duchayuan; Chen Qing of right courtesy of Hubu Department, Liu Daxia of Army Department, and Daishan of Hubu Department. Li Dongyang, a scholar of the University, is in good health. After careful preparation, feasting, singing, drawing and commemoration, the artist painted on-site sketches. Only Jiao Fang went to Hunan for official work and reserved the old manuscripts beforehand. Therefore, each person's appearance in the picture is a true portrait, and the arrangement of the combination of characters is the arrangement of the painter. The background is set with sycamore, bamboo, banana and pine trees, interspersed with several cases, books, drinking utensils and children. The scenery is concise and orderly, not too much rendering, intentionally highlighting the prominent image of high officials of the court, showing the purpose of creation.
The high officials of the Ming Dynasty hold elegant collections, which are different from those of the previous generation. In addition to admiring the former generation's "Qi Ying Shuo De", they also show their status and achievements. The praise of "Sheng Shi Ming Jun" is also frequently seen in the inscriptions and postscripts. In the same year, the high-ranking officials were mainly in the period of Xiaozong (1487-1505) in Ming Dynasty. There were many officials, eunuchs and factory guards in the middle of the dynasty. The whole bureaucratic system presented a relatively clear picture. The picture of ten years in the same year is the final portrayal of the prosperous period of Ming Dynasty. Six ministers used to have Wei Que's dignified and cautious voice and smiles. The cohesion contained in the noble and elegant atmosphere can no longer be found in the dynasties after Xiaozong. It is precisely because of the loss of such cohesion that led to the demise of the Ming Dynasty.
Ten copies of the picture were drawn, one for each family. This volume was left by the Min family. It was collected in the fifteenth year of Jiaqing in the Qing Dynasty (1810) as a good French collection. It is the only surviving copy of 10 books and an important historical document.