那彦成肖像轴-清朝-人物

古画 浏览 文金祥 故宫博物院

 

《那彦成肖像》轴,清,绢本设色,无年款,纵127cm,横61.2cm。

  画幅右上裱有一签题云:“曾祖文毅公遗照。曾孙鄂礼谨识。”知此图为鄂礼的曾祖父那彦成之遗照。那彦成(1763—1833年),章佳氏,字韶九,号绎堂,满洲正白旗人。乾隆五十四年(1789年)进士,选庶吉士,授编修,直南书房。在任此职期间,因其工诗、擅长书法之故,得与上书房总师傅王杰等九人一起参与了《石渠宝笈续编》《秘殿珠林续编》的纂修工作。后历任工部尚书兼都统、内务府大臣、直隶总督等职。道光十三年(1833年)卒,赐尚书衔,谥“文毅”。

  图中的那彦成身着便服,两手扶膝,正襟危坐于石上。面容清癯,凝眸前视,表情坚毅,当是其任职期间形象。人物面部精细勾染,凸凹有致,衣纹洗练而准确,反映出当时肖像画之基本特色。是图留下了这位晚清名臣之暮年写照,具有较高的历史价值。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

"Nayancheng Portrait" axis, Qing Dynasty, silk color, no year, 127 cm vertical, 61.2 cm horizontal.

On the right side of the picture is a signature inscribing the cloud: "Great ancestor Wen Yi's portrait. Great-grandson Erli is conscientious." This picture is the remains of Nayancheng, the great-grandfather of Erli. Na Yancheng (1763 - 1833), Zhang Jiashi, Zishao Jiu, No. Yitang, Manchuria Zhengbai Banner. In the fifty-fourth year of Qianlong (1789), Jinshi selected Shuji, taught editing, and studied in Zhinan. During his tenure, because he was good at poetry and calligraphy, he had to participate in the compilation of "Shiqu Baodu Continuation" and "Secret Hall Pearl Forest Continuation" with nine other people, such as Wang Jie, the master of Shang Study. Later, he served as Minister of the Ministry of Work, Minister of the Interior and Governor of Zhili. Daoguang died in 1833 and was awarded the title of "Wenyi".

In the picture, Nayancheng is dressed in civilian clothes, knee-to-knee with both hands, sitting on a stone with his breast in danger. His clear face, gaze forward and firm expression should be his image during his tenure. The figure's face is delicately touched, convex and concave, and the clothes are washed and precise, reflecting the basic features of the portrait paintings at that time. Tu left a portrait of the late Qing Dynasty famous minister in his twilight years, which has high historical value.

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