弘历盘山图轴-清朝-山水

古画 浏览 聂卉 故宫博物院

 

《盘山图》轴,清乾隆,弘历绘,纸本,墨笔,纵162cm,横93.5cm。

  盘山史记于汉,盛建于唐,极于清,自然山水、古寺名园荟萃于此。清乾隆皇帝曾经先后游历盘山32次,留下了有关盘山的诗文1366首,甚至有“早知有盘山,何必下江南”一说。

    此幅画作表现盘山全景,构图雄浑饱满。图仿学元代倪瓒和明代董其昌画法,皴点并施,层次丰富,纯用墨笔,秀润苍郁。乾隆皇帝热衷书道,亦喜绘画,留下大量御笔书画作品,但如此大幅山水则较为少见。本幅上有其御笔题咏30多段,可见是其得意之作。

  画上钤“八徵耄念之宝”、“五福五代堂古稀天子之宝”、“太上皇帝之宝”。

 

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

 

"Panshan Tu" axis, Qing Qianlong, Hongli Painting, paper, ink, 162 cm vertical, 93.5 cm horizontal.

Panshan history is recorded in the Han Dynasty, built in the Tang Dynasty, extremely in the Qing Dynasty, where natural landscapes and famous ancient temples and gardens are gathered. Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty had visited Panshan 32 times, leaving behind 1366 poems and essays about Panshan. He even said, "Why go down to the south of the Yangtze River when Panshan was known before?"

This painting shows Panshan panorama with vigorous composition. Imitating Ni Zan's paintings in Yuan Dynasty and Dong Qichang's paintings in Ming Dynasty, the picture is characterized by rich layers, pure ink, elegant and mellow. Emperor Qianlong was keen on calligraphy and painting, leaving behind a large number of imperial brushwork, but such a large landscape is relatively rare. There are more than 30 verses of the imperial inscription on this piece, which can be seen as his proud work.

On the paintings are "treasures of Eight Zheng Qian Nian", "treasures of the ancient rare emperor of the Five Dynasties Hall of Five Futures", "treasures of the emperor of Tai Shang".

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