胤禛行乐图册·杖挑蒲团页-清朝

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《胤禛行乐图册·杖挑蒲团》页,清,绢本,设色,纵34.9cm,横31cm。

本幅是一套十三册页图之一。此图描绘雍正皇帝尚为皇子时身着修行者服装、肩扛木杖、杖挑蒲团的画像。 

此套雍正行乐图的重要特点之一是皇帝着装奇特,服饰类别丰富。满族入关后,为防止本民族被汉族快速同化,清政府明令禁止满人穿汉装,而雍正皇帝在行乐图中则大多着汉服,扮为村夫、文士、官吏等。不仅如此,雍正还有穿蒙族、藏族和西洋文艺复兴后期、新古典时期服装的行乐图。雍正行乐图多数是人物画和肖像画、山水画的综合图画,背景画法工细而写实,从中亦可领略雍正时期宫廷山水画、肖像画的风采。

“行乐图”是中国人物画的一种,一般以描绘皇家的娱乐生活为主题。根据中国最早的绘画著录《梁太清目》记载,早在南齐时就出现了“行乐图”。此后,“行乐图”逐渐成为一种较为常见的绘画题材。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

Xuyu Travel Music Atlas Putuan Dance with Stitches" page, Qing Dynasty, silk, color, 34.9 cm vertical, 31 cm horizontal.

This page is one of thirteen volumes. This picture depicts the image of Emperor Yongzheng dressed in the clothes of practitioners, carrying wooden sticks on his shoulders, and carrying cattail sticks when he was still a prince.

One of the important features of this set of Yongzheng's music charts is that the emperor dressed peculiarly and had a rich variety of clothes. After entering the Customs, in order to prevent the rapid assimilation of the Manchu nationality, the Qing government explicitly prohibited the Manchus from wearing Han clothes, while Emperor Yongzheng mostly wore Han clothes in his music maps, acting as villagers, literati, officials and so on. Not only that, Yongzheng also has a picture of wearing Mongolian, Tibetan and Western Renaissance clothes in the late Neo-classical period. Most of Yongzheng's music pictures are comprehensive pictures of figure painting, portrait painting and landscape painting. The background painting is meticulous and realistic, from which we can also appreciate the style of Yongzheng's palace landscape painting and portrait painting.

"Cartoon" is a kind of Chinese figure painting, which usually depicts the entertainment life of the Royal family. According to the earliest record of painting in China, "Liang Tai Qingmu", as early as the Southern Qi Dynasty, there was a "music map". Since then, "Career Map" has gradually become a more common theme of painting.

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