雍正道装双圆一气图像轴-清朝-中国古代人物故事画作

古画 浏览 袁杰 故宫博物院

 

《胤禛道装双圆一气图像》轴,清,绢本,设色,纵52.8cm ,横45.9cm。

故宫博物院藏有多幅胤禛(雍亲王)扮成道士或与道士交往的绘画作品,此图为其一。此图绘制者佚名,画面中身着道装的胤禛近树干曲腿而坐,正与道士交谈。

胤禛命宫廷御用画家将自己绘成道士形象表现出其超脱世俗的心境,可能还蕴涵着求得道神保护、延年益寿的希冀。胤禛是清朝诸帝中最为崇奉道教的皇帝。做皇子时他就对道家药石产生了兴趣,作《烧丹》诗:“铅砂和药物,松柏绕云坛。炉运阴阳火,功兼内外丹。光芒冲斗耀,灵异卫龙蟠。自觉仙胎热,天符降紫鸾。”从中可以看出他对炼丹有相当的兴趣和研究。

据清宫档案记载,他曾在太和殿、乾清宫等主要宫殿安放道神符板;在寝宫养心殿设斗坛;在御花园建房给道士居住;在苏州定做道家法衣等,还接连向河东总督田文镜、浙江总督李卫等近臣发出秘密朱谕,要求他们向他推荐良医术士:“可留心访问,有内外好医生与深达修养性命之人,或道士,或讲道之儒俗家……”有神仙之称的贾士芳、被封为妙应真人的娄近垣,以及张太虚、王定干等道士遂应召入宫。他们在圆明园建炉炼丹,以异方丹药深得皇帝的恩宠。雍正帝曾多次服用丹药,有不少专家根据档案史料推测,雍正于58岁(1735年)时暴卒于圆明园与服用丹药有直接关系。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

"Xuyu Road with Double Circles and One Gas Image" axis, clear, silk, color, 52.8 cm in length, 45.9 cm in transverse.

The Palace Museum has many paintings of Xu Yu (Prince Yong) disguised as a Taoist priest or associating with Taoist priests. This picture is one of them. The painter of this picture is not known. In the picture, a man in Taoist costume sits close to the trunk and bends his legs. He is talking to Taoist priests.

Xu Yuming's imperial painter painted himself as a Taoist figure to show his state of mind beyond the secular world. It may also contain the hope of seeking the protection of Tao and God and prolonging his life. Xu Yu was the most Taoist emperor among the emperors of the Qing Dynasty. When he was a prince, he became interested in Taoist medicine and stone. He wrote the poem Burning Dan: "Lead sand and medicine, pine and cypress circle the cloud altar." Furnace transport Yinyang fire, both inside and outside Dan. The light is fighting and shining, and the miracle is Weilong Pan. Conscious of fairy fetus fever, Tianfu fall Purple Luan. It can be seen that he has considerable interest in alchemy and research.

According to the records of Qing Palace, he had placed deity Rune boards in the main palaces such as Taihe Palace and Qianqing Palace, built a battle altar in the bedroom and heart-nourishing palace, built houses for Taoists in the imperial garden, ordered Taoist vestments in Suzhou, and successively sent secret Zhu Jian to governors of Hedong, Tian Wenjing and Li Wei of Zhejiang, asking them to recommend good doctors to him: "Be careful to visit and have good doctors inside and outside." People who are born and deeply cultivated in life, or Taoists, or Confucians and secularists who preach Taoism..." Jia Shifang, known as the immortal, Lou Jinyuan, named Miaoying Zhenren, and Taoists such as Zhang Taixu and Wang Dinggan were called into the palace. They built a furnace in Yuanmingyuan to make alcoholic herbs, which won the favor of the emperor. Yongzheng Emperor had taken Dan Yao many times. According to the archives and historical data, many experts speculated that Yongzheng died suddenly in Yuanmingyuan at the age of 58 (1735) and had a direct relationship with taking Dan Yao.

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