王鉴溪亭山色图轴-清朝-山水-中国清朝山水画赏析

古画 浏览 文金祥 故宫博物院

 

《溪亭山色图》轴,清,王鉴绘,纸本,墨笔,纵80.1厘米,横41厘米。

  本幅左上自题:“燕子低飞不动尘,黄莺娇小未禁春。东风绿遍门前草,细雨含烟愁路人。烧灯过了客思家,寂寂衡门数瞑鸦。燕子未归梅落尽,小窗明月属梨花。倪高士有溪亭山色向藏吴郡王文恪公家,后归王长安,余时得纵观,今不知流落何处。闲坐红梅花下,风日情美,涤砚伸纸,漫师此意,不求形似也。染香遗老王鉴。”钤“王鉴之印”(白文),引首钤“来云馆”(朱文)。收藏印有“乾隆御览之宝”(朱文)、“宝蕴楼书画录”(朱文)。

  根据王鉴自题可知此画系他背临元人倪瓒《溪亭山色图》之作。山石树木的刻画采用了枯疏的方折之笔和淡墨渲染的表现方法,具有倪氏的笔墨特点,并将倪氏所追求的自然淳雅、淡泊清高、不落时俗的精神境界表现得恰到好处,由此可见画家深厚的临摹功底及其对倪氏画风的深刻理解和准确的表现。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

"Xiting Mountain Color Map" axis, Qing Dynasty, Wang Jianpi, paper, ink, vertical 80.1 cm, horizontal 41 cm.

The top left title of this picture is: "Swallows fly low and do not move dust, but warblers are petite and can not stop spring." The east wind is green all over the front grass, and the drizzle is full of smoke and sorrow for passers-by. Light burning over Hakka, silent door counting crows. Swallows are not lost, the moon is a pear blossom. Nie Gaoshi had the scenery of Xiting Mountain to Wang Wenke's family in Wujun County, Tibet, and later returned to Wang Chang'an. For the rest of the time, he had to look around, but now he did not know where he was living. Sitting idly under the red plum blossom, the beauty of the day and the wind, the ink-wash paper stretching, Man Shi this idea, do not look like it. Dyeing incense left Lao Wang Jian." Jun's "Seal of Wang Jianzhi" (Bai Wen) leads Jun's "Laiyun Hall" (Zhu Wen). The collection is printed with "Qianlong Imperial View Treasure" (Zhu Wen), "Baoyun Building Calligraphy and Painting Record" (Zhu Wen).

According to Wang Jian's self-titles, it can be seen that this painting is the work of Nizan, the Yuan Dynasty, who wrote Xiting Mountain Color Picture. The depiction of rocks and trees adopts the method of withered square pen and light ink rendering, which has the characteristics of Ni's pen and ink, and expresses the natural elegance, indifference and elegance pursued by Ni, as well as the spiritual realm of keeping up with the times. Thus, the painter's profound copying skills and deep understanding and accurate expression of Ni's painting style can be seen.

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