--------Introduction in English--------
"Hong Li Guan He Fu Qin Tu" axis, Qing Dynasty, silk, color, 299.5 cm vertical, 156.5 cm horizontal.
This picture has no author's knowledge.
In the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, some European painters began to worship in the Qing court. On the one hand, they accept the traditional Chinese painting methods, using Chinese ink and ink pigments and paper silk painting, on the other hand, they still adhere to the perspective principle of Western painting techniques, in their works, they intentionally express the volume, texture, light and shade, projection and even reflection of objects. Although this painting was not signed by the author, it was actually painted by Italian painter Lang Shining, while Chinese painter painted landscape background. In the painting, Emperor Qianlong was dressed in Han costume, facing lakes and fuqin, and running mountains and rivers in the distance, which indicated his mind.
The author not only succeeds in expressing the three-dimensional and penetrating feeling of waterfront pavilions through superb skills and precise perspective drawing, but also gives a clear account of the complex structure of the whole building and the details of each component. The delicate brush strokes and varied colors will make the texture and texture of log columns and roof bluestone tiles. The painting is subtle and vivid. From this picture, we can see that Lang Shining used the focus perspective technique to move the houses he saw into the picture according to certain rules, and successfully displayed the multi-dimensional space on the two-dimensional plane picture. It is totally different from the traditional Chinese boundary painting in describing the space.