郎世宁等乾隆皇帝挟矢图轴-清朝-人物

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《乾隆皇帝挟矢图》轴,清乾隆,郎世宁等绘,绢本,设色,纵259厘米,横172.2厘米。

  无作者款、印。钤乾隆皇帝“八徵耄念之宝”、“五福五代堂古稀天子宝”、“太上皇帝之宝”鉴藏印。

  此图是乾隆皇帝谕令宫廷画家绘制的巡狩题材系列作品之一。图绘30余岁的乾隆皇帝骑于马上,独自欣赏其御用箭的情景。其御用箭的种类名目繁杂,形制多样。镞有铁、铁镀金、象牙、角、骨、木等质地。柯多取材于杨木、桦木。羽则选用一些罕见的或富有艳丽色彩的飞禽羽毛。凡行猎时射中过猎物的羽箭,均在其上刻留功绩,贮藏不用,以便用来告诫后世子孙“勿忘武备”。

  从笔法上分析,此图中乾隆皇帝的肖像及白马系由擅长写实的西洋画师郎世宁绘制。郎世宁在运用中国绘画工具对马匹加以晕染的基础上,又巧妙地吸收了西洋画光影的技法,利用光线明暗的变化,以深浅不同的色调,真实生动地表现出马的体积、肌肉和皮毛的质感。图中的山石树木当出自中国画家之手。开阔的水域、清秀多枝的树木配上乾隆皇帝优雅的赏箭动作,不失为一件中西画家合璧的精妙之作。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

"Emperor Qianlong Picture with Vectors" axis, Qing Qianlong, Lang Shining and other paintings, silk, color, 259 cm vertical, 172.2 cm horizontal.

No authorship or seal. Emperor Jun Qianlong's "Eight Zheng Niannian Treasures", "Five Fus and Five Dynasties Tang Ancient Rare Heavenly Son Treasures" and "Treasures of Emperor Tai Shang".

This picture is one of the series of hunting themes painted by the imperial court painters under the command of Emperor Qianlong. The picture shows Emperor Qianlong, over 30 years old, riding a horse and enjoying his arrows alone. Its imperial arrows have a variety of names and shapes. There are iron, gold-plated iron, ivory, horn, bone, wood and other textures. Kodo is made of poplar and birch. Feathers are selected from rare or brightly colored bird feathers. All the feather arrows that hit the prey during hunting leave merits on them and are not used for storage, so as to warn future generations not to forget to be armed.

From the perspective of brushwork, the portrait of Emperor Qianlong and the white horse system in this picture were painted by Western painter Lang Shining, who is good at realism. Lang Shining, on the basis of using Chinese painting tools to halo horses, also skillfully absorbed the techniques of Western painting light and shadow, and used the changes of light and shade to show the real and vivid texture of horse's volume, muscle and fur in different shades. The rocks and trees in the picture should come from the hands of Chinese painters. Open waters, delicate and multi-branch trees, coupled with the elegant arrow-appreciating movements of Emperor Qianlong, are a masterpiece of Chinese and Western painters.

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