郎世宁等乾隆皇帝殪熊图轴-清朝-人物

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《乾隆皇帝殪熊图》轴,清乾隆,郎世宁等绘,绢本,设色,纵259厘米,横171.6厘米。

  钤乾隆皇帝“八徵耄念之宝”、“五福五代堂古稀天子宝”、“太上皇帝之宝”鉴藏印。

  此图是乾隆皇帝谕令宫廷画家绘制的巡狩题材系列作品之一。图绘30余岁的乾隆皇帝在田野里与黑熊相遇的场景。作者为了表现乾隆皇帝的勇猛剽悍,不仅绘他独自与熊对峙,毫无惧色,而且将本是强大的黑熊描绘得怯弱胆小,其畏缩在树后紧张的神态,烘托出乾隆皇帝履险如夷的帝王风范。

  文献记载,乾隆皇帝在12岁随祖父康熙皇帝到永安莽喀围场狩猎时,就表现出了面对凶猛的黑熊,临危不惧的胆量。事后,康熙皇帝曾发出“是命贵重,福将过余”的赞叹。

  从笔法上分析,图中乾隆皇帝及胯下之马,由擅长写真的西洋画家郞世宁绘制,熊及点景的山石树木由中国宫廷画家勾描。图中大面积飘荡而迷蒙的浮云,既扩展了画面的远近景空间距离,又以其轻盈柔美的形态,将本是人熊对峙的生死局面变得安宁平和。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

"Qianlong Emperor Lixiong Tu" axis, Qing Qianlong, Lang Shining and other paintings, silk, color, vertical 259 cm, horizontal 171.6 cm.

Emperor Jun Qianlong's "Eight Zheng Niannian Treasures", "Five Fus and Five Dynasties Tang Ancient Rare Heavenly Son Treasures" and "Treasures of Emperor Tai Shang".

This picture is one of the series of hunting themes painted by the imperial court painters under the command of Emperor Qianlong. Drawing the scene of Emperor Qianlong in his thirties meeting the black bear in the field. In order to show Emperor Qianlong's bravery and bravery, the author not only depicts him confronting the bear alone without fear, but also depicts the formidable black bear as timid and cowardly, and his nervous manner of cowering behind the tree, which reflects Emperor Qianlong's dangerous imperial demeanor.

Documents show that when Emperor Qianlong went hunting with his grandfather Emperor Kangxi at the age of 12 at Mangka enclosure in Yongan, he showed the courage to face fierce black bears. Afterwards, Emperor Kangxi once uttered the praise that "life is precious and fortune is excessive".

From the point of view of brushwork, the Emperor Qianlong and his horse were painted by Western painter Xun Shining, who was good at portraying reality. The bears and hill and stone trees were sketched by Chinese Palace painters. The large area of floating clouds in the picture not only expands the distance between the long-range and near-range space, but also makes the life-and-death situation of human-bear confrontation peaceful and peaceful with its light and graceful form.

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