--------Introduction in English--------
The axis of Baoji Picture, Qianlong of Qing Dynasty, Ai Enlightenment Painting, silk, color, 228.5 cm in length and 275 cm in transverse.
Ai Enlightenment was a Western missionary who came to China in the ten years of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (1745). He was summoned to paint for Emperor Qianlong in the palace. In the collection book "Shiqu Baoding" compiled by the Qing court, nine works of Ai Qimeng were included. Compared with the Italian Lang Shining and the French Wang Zhicheng, among the European missionaries who came to China, Ai Qienmeng's painting level was very general, but after the death of Lang Shining and Wang Zhicheng, Ai Qienmeng became a European painter that Emperor Qianlong relied on.
In the picture is a horse the size of a real horse, the horse is called "Baoji Ji Ji". In the lower right corner of the picture, there is a line of signatures: "Qianlong Gusi Mid-Autumn Haixi minister Ai Qiengong painting". "Qianlong Guisi" was the thirty-eighth year of Qianlong (1773). At this time, Lang Shining, the former chief European painter in the court, died in the twenty-first year of Qianlong (1766), and Wang Zhicheng, another European painter, died in the twenty-third year of Qianlong (1768), so the Enlightenment of Ai naturally became the most important specialty. As a painter of European painting style, some of the tasks of describing the objects of tribute were performed by Enlightenment Ai, such as the banner of this "Baoji Picture".
"Baoji Ji" is the name of the horse in the painting. In June of the 36th year of Qianlong reign (1771), the nomadic Turhut tribe of the Mongolian people far below the Volga River in Russia, under the leadership of the tribal leaders Oubasi and Ceberktorzi (the son-in-law of Oubasi), broke through all kinds of difficulties and dangers for nearly a year because of the bullying and oppression of the local Russians. They returned to the eastern lands where their ancestors had been nomadic. For this reason, Emperor Qianlong was very happy to meet with the tribal leaders in a special way. He was rewarded with comfort. This horse named "Baoji Ji Ji Ji" was a tribute to Emperor Qianlong from Cebuktor Ji at this time. This "Baoji Ji Tu" was painted by Emperor Qianlong.
If only from the perspective of painting techniques, the painting of Ai Enlightenment is not very outstanding, and its level of painting is far lower than that of Lang Shining, who is also a court painter. But after all, as a court painter, Ai Enlightenment played the documentary function of his brush, leaving us a piece of history that once happened. Its value can not be judged only by the level of painting skills.