宝吉骝图轴-清朝

古画 浏览 聂崇正 故宫博物院

 

《宝吉骝图》轴,清乾隆,艾启蒙绘,绢本,设色,纵228.5厘米,横275厘米。

  艾启蒙是于清乾隆十年(1745年)来华的西方传教士,召至宫中为乾隆皇帝画画。清代宫廷编著的收藏图书《石渠宝笈》中,一共收录了艾启蒙的作品共九件。比起意大利人郎世宁和法兰西人王致诚来说,在来华的欧洲传教士中,艾启蒙的绘画水平是很一般的,但是艾启蒙在郎世宁王致诚去世后,成为乾隆皇帝所倚重的一位欧洲画家。

  画中是一匹与真马大小相仿的大马,这匹马名叫“宝吉骝”。画面右下角有署款一行:“乾隆癸巳仲秋海西臣艾启蒙恭画”。“乾隆癸巳”为乾隆三十八年(1773年),这个时候,原先宫廷内的首席欧洲画家郎世宁已于乾隆二十一年(1766年)去世了,另一位欧洲画家王致诚也于乾隆二十三年(1768年)离世,所以艾启蒙便自然而然成为了最主要的擅长绘制欧洲画风的画家,于是一些描绘贡品实物的任务就由艾启蒙来担当了,比如这幅《宝吉骝图》大横幅。

  “宝吉骝”是画中这匹马的名字。乾隆三十六年(1771年)六月,远在俄罗斯伏尔加河下游游牧的蒙古族土尔扈特部,因不堪当地俄罗斯人的欺凌和压迫,在部族首领渥巴锡和策伯克多尔济(渥巴锡的女婿)的率领下,整个部落冲破种种艰难险阻,历时将近一年,返回到他们祖先曾经游牧的东方土地上。为此乾隆皇帝非常高兴,特地接见了部族的首领,安抚奖赏有加。这匹名为“宝吉骝”的骏马,便是此时由策伯克多尔济进献给乾隆皇帝的贡品。而这幅《宝吉骝图》就是由乾隆皇帝下令绘制的。

  如果单是从绘画的技巧来讲,艾启蒙的这幅画并没有多少出类拔萃的地方,其绘画的水平要远远低于同为宫廷画家的郎世宁。但是艾启蒙毕竟作为宫廷画家,发挥了他手中画笔的纪实功能,为我们留下了一段曾经发生过的历史的某一片断,其价值就不能仅仅只以绘画技艺的高下来评判了。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

The axis of Baoji Picture, Qianlong of Qing Dynasty, Ai Enlightenment Painting, silk, color, 228.5 cm in length and 275 cm in transverse.

Ai Enlightenment was a Western missionary who came to China in the ten years of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (1745). He was summoned to paint for Emperor Qianlong in the palace. In the collection book "Shiqu Baoding" compiled by the Qing court, nine works of Ai Qimeng were included. Compared with the Italian Lang Shining and the French Wang Zhicheng, among the European missionaries who came to China, Ai Qienmeng's painting level was very general, but after the death of Lang Shining and Wang Zhicheng, Ai Qienmeng became a European painter that Emperor Qianlong relied on.

In the picture is a horse the size of a real horse, the horse is called "Baoji Ji Ji". In the lower right corner of the picture, there is a line of signatures: "Qianlong Gusi Mid-Autumn Haixi minister Ai Qiengong painting". "Qianlong Guisi" was the thirty-eighth year of Qianlong (1773). At this time, Lang Shining, the former chief European painter in the court, died in the twenty-first year of Qianlong (1766), and Wang Zhicheng, another European painter, died in the twenty-third year of Qianlong (1768), so the Enlightenment of Ai naturally became the most important specialty. As a painter of European painting style, some of the tasks of describing the objects of tribute were performed by Enlightenment Ai, such as the banner of this "Baoji Picture".

"Baoji Ji" is the name of the horse in the painting. In June of the 36th year of Qianlong reign (1771), the nomadic Turhut tribe of the Mongolian people far below the Volga River in Russia, under the leadership of the tribal leaders Oubasi and Ceberktorzi (the son-in-law of Oubasi), broke through all kinds of difficulties and dangers for nearly a year because of the bullying and oppression of the local Russians. They returned to the eastern lands where their ancestors had been nomadic. For this reason, Emperor Qianlong was very happy to meet with the tribal leaders in a special way. He was rewarded with comfort. This horse named "Baoji Ji Ji Ji" was a tribute to Emperor Qianlong from Cebuktor Ji at this time. This "Baoji Ji Tu" was painted by Emperor Qianlong.

If only from the perspective of painting techniques, the painting of Ai Enlightenment is not very outstanding, and its level of painting is far lower than that of Lang Shining, who is also a court painter. But after all, as a court painter, Ai Enlightenment played the documentary function of his brush, leaving us a piece of history that once happened. Its value can not be judged only by the level of painting skills.

注:本站发表的所有内容均为原作者或投稿者的观点,不代表美术网(www.meishu.com)的立场及价值观取向,请浏览者自行判断取舍,若有观点错误或侵权等信息请联系管理员删除,谢谢配合。
美术家推荐
名画库-艺术品推荐
关于美术网

美术网(www.meishu.com)专注解决美术家网络推广问题,全力打造美术家专属网络经纪人服务,美术网站内设美术搜索,网络美术展,美术报,美术知识库,名家档案,美术视频库,资源库,美术论坛,美术高考网及书画衍生品的加工与分销等为一体的名画库等总共20余个栏目,我们以弘扬中华民族的文化事业为己任,以建设世界一流的美术文化生态系统为目标,诚邀合作共赢。

Copyright (c) 2013-2019 中国美术网 All Rights Reserved 鲁ICP备12031715号-1 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信①:4081532
会员 客服 名家 我的
复制链接 微信 QQ好友 QQ空间 新浪微博