徐镐张昀僧装像轴-清朝-人物

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《张昀僧装像》轴,清乾隆四十年(1775年),徐镐绘,绢本,设色,纵61.2厘米,横43.2厘米。

  画面右下款署:“乙未秋日徐镐写。”下钤“奇”、“峰”联珠印。“乙未”为清乾隆四十年(1775年)。本幅上方有张昀自题像赞一则,末署:“甘白张昀自题。”左钤“张昀之印”、“嵎寅”印2方,首钤“赐锦堂”印。

  此图是徐镐为同乡画家张昀所绘的肖像画。图中为一老者半身像,老者双手笼于袖中,身着僧人服,顶无发,胡须皆白,双目平视,神态安详庄重。

  是图画法精工,先以墨笔出形,复调色染之,使人物面部具有凹凸感,但光感不很明显,仍是中国传统肖像画技法。灰色的袍服和红色的袈裟则采用平涂的方法处理,衣纹线条细劲,颇具表现力。作为徐璋之子,徐镐很好地继承了“波臣派”肖像画的表现技法,在构图上更是力追传统,不设衬景道具,突出人物面部的表现,可谓“波臣派”余绪中的佼佼者。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

The axis of Zhang Yun's Monk Costume, 40 years of Emperor Qianlong's reign in Qing Dynasty (1775), Xu Hao's painting, silk, color, 61.2 cm in length and 43.2 cm in transverse.

On the lower right side of the picture, the sub-office reads, "In the autumn of the second year, Xu Hao wrote." Xiajun "Qi" and "Feng" Pearl printing. "Yiwei" is the forty years of Qianlong in Qing Dynasty (1775). At the top of this picture, there is a praise of Zhang Yun's self-inscription. At the end, it says, "Gan Bai Zhang Yun's self-inscription." Zuo Jun's "Seal of Zhang Yun" and "Seal of Sheng Yin" are printed on two sides, and the first one is "Seal of Giving Jintang".

This picture is a portrait painted by Xu Hao for fellow painter Zhang Yun. The picture shows a bust of the old man, his hands in his sleeves, dressed in monk's clothes, with no hair on his head, white beard, eyesight flat, and a serene and solemn manner.

It is a meticulous method of drawing. First, it is shaped with ink and dyed with multi-tone color, which makes the face of the characters have a concave and convex feeling. However, the light sense is not obvious. It is still a traditional technique of portrait painting in China. The grey and red gowns are treated by plain painting, with fine lines and expressive force. As the son of Xu Zhang, Xu Rong inherited the technique of portrait painting of "Bochen School" very well. In composition, he pursued tradition, did not set up props, and highlighted the expression of characters'faces, which could be regarded as the outstanding figure in the aftermath of "Bochen School".

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