宋克章草书急就章卷-明朝-草书

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《急就章》卷,明,宋克书,纸本,章草书,纵20.3厘米,横342.5厘米。

  宋克《急就章》卷释文

  款书“吴郡宋克书”。有自识一则。无款印。引首“宋南宫章草” 5字隶书乃明初著名书画家姚绶所书。后隔水及尾纸有明代周鼎、孙廷惠、朱之赤、项元汴,清代宋荦、铁保六家题跋。本幅鉴赏印也多为此六家所钤。

  《急就章》又名《急就篇》,西汉史游撰,为当时的识字课本。历代章草书《急就章》本有多种,其传于今者,以传为三国吴皇象所书最古,宋克临习章草书即从此本得法。此作笔势劲健,风貌简古,从“聊以自备遗忘”的自识,结合全篇精绝谨严的面目,可知这是宋克精心临摹的得意之作。王世贞曾对宋克所写《急就章》有这样的评价:“观仲温书急就章,结意纯美……而后偶取皇象石本阅之,大小行模及前后缺处若一,惟波撇小异耳。”此卷写于宋克44岁时,10接纸,1900余字,一笔不苟,心手相应,既表现了宋克已臻化境的书艺,也代表了明代章草书的最高成就。

  除书法价值外,此卷对《急就章》一文章草与正书二体的互释以及其文字脱、佚、讹、误的校勘等都具有重要意义。

 

--------Introduction in English--------

 

"Urgent Chapter" Volume, Ming Dynasty, Song Keshu, Paper, Chapter Cursive, 20.3 cm in length, 342.5 cm in horizontal.

Volume Interpretation of Song Ke's "Ji Ji Zhang"

Section book "Song Ke Shu of Wu County". Have self-knowledge. No money stamp. The first five-character official script of "Zhangcao in Southern Song Dynasty" was written by Yao Shou, a famous calligrapher and painter in the early Ming Dynasty. There are six inscriptions of Zhou Ding, Sun Tinghui, Zhu Zhichi, Xiang Yuanbian in the Ming Dynasty, Song Shu and Tiebao in the Qing Dynasty. This piece of appreciation stamp is mostly made by six families.

"Urgent Chapter" is also known as "Urgent Chapter", written for the literacy textbook of the Western Han Dynasty. There are many kinds of Zhang cursive scripts in the past dynasties, which are passed down by Wu Huangxiang of the Three Kingdoms. Song Kelin learned Zhang cursive scripts from then on. This work is vigorous, simple and ancient. From the self-consciousness of "forgetting by talking", combined with the exquisite and rigorous features of the whole article, we can see that it is the proud work of Song Ke's meticulous copying. Wang Shizhen once commented on Song Ke's Urgent Chapter: "Guan Zhongwen's book is in a hurry, and his intention is pure and beautiful..." Then I occasionally read it from the royal elephant stone book. If the size of the line model and the front and back gaps are the same, the only thing is that the wave abandons the small foreign ear. When Song Ke was 44 years old, he received 10 papers and more than 1900 words, which were meticulous and corresponding. This volume not only embodied Song Ke's literary art, but also represented the highest achievement of Zhang cursive script in Ming Dynasty.

In addition to the value of calligraphy, this volume is of great significance to the mutual interpretation of the two parts of the article "Jiujiezhang" and the official script, as well as to the collation of the missing, erroneous and erroneous characters.

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