--------Introduction in English--------
The Girl with Pearl Earrings is an oil painting created by the 17th century Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer in 1665. It is one of the representative works of Johannes Vermeer. It is now collected in the Royal Museum of Art, Morettes, The Hague, the Netherlands.
The painting depicts a girl dressed in brown clothes and wearing yellow and blue headscarves. She is extraordinary in temperament, calm and calm in tranquility, expressive and lifelike. It seems to have a sad expression which is both implicit and melancholy, and seemingly invisible. A glance of surprise makes her look like a bright lamp in the dark. Dazzling, plain emotions also have the charm of purifying the human mind. 
The painting uses a completely black background, which sets off the outline of the girl. It seems that she is a bright lamp in the night, with a slight glory, not dazzling, very gentle. Strong visual effect is formed in the picture.
Content of the painting
The background of the painting is covered with black, which sets off the image of a girl. The girl in the picture wears a brown coat. The white collar, the blue scarf and the pending lemon scarf match each other. She turns her head sideways and looks out of the picture. Her lips are slightly open. The pearl earrings on her left ear are visible. The image of the girl contrasts with the black background and highlights the stereo.
The mid-17th century was a special period when Dutch culture and art gradually lost its original cultural characteristics. Under the new capitalist system in the Netherlands, society gave people more democracy and freedom, like spring rain reviving the earth and awakening all things. This also frees art from the bondage of religion and court, and makes it more widely used in secular life. New bourgeoisie and citizen class order oil paintings in order to build their own monuments, beautify the living environment and appendage elegance. Based on this creative soil, painters no longer pay attention to the performance of major social themes, but pay more attention to the details of life to cater to the aesthetic interests of the bourgeoisie and the public. "Dutch Painting School" came into being in such an atmosphere. Vermeer is one of the representatives.
The Girl with Pearl Earrings was created by the painter during this period and completed in 1665. It is said that the heroine in the picture was modelled on his then 14-year-old eldest daughter, Maria.
Appreciation of Works
In the painting, Vermeer depicts a girl wearing a yellow "Japanese kimono" jacket and a yellow and blue headscarf. The girl in the picture is extraordinary in temperament, calm and calm in tranquility, expressive and lifelike. This kind of sad expression, which is both implicit and melancholy, seems to have nothing, shines brilliantly in Vermeer's pen. A startling glance at her makes her like a bright lamp in the darkness, brilliant, and plain emotions possess it. The charm of purifying human soul.
Another striking feature of the picture is a teardrop-shaped Pearl Earring worn by the girl's left ear, which appears in the shadow of the girl's neck. It is not only the finishing touch, but also has special implications. Pearls often symbolize chastity in Vermeer paintings, so some experts believe that the painting is likely to be painted on the eve of a girl's marriage.
In the painting, the author uses shining pearl earrings to make the girl's bright eyes delicate.
The white shirt collar, the dark space behind the ear and other scattered areas are combined to form a vivid whole.
At the same time, the use of a large number of subtle changes in diffuse light to express the texture and shape of the painting everywhere, in this regard, it has even reached the painstaking absolute accuracy, whether it is the Pearl Earrings on girls'ears, headscarf costumes or the face, with bold distinction between light and shade and more pure pigments to give distinct. The interpretation, which not only achieves the precise and delicate painting of the perfect performance, but also does not make the picture look any effort or dazzling.
Against the background of the deep background, the girl appears from the dark as if she were in full splendor and awe-inspiring posture, highlighting her vivid vitality with the brightest light.
Vermeer especially likes to use blue and lemon yellow. In The Girl with Pearl Earrings, lemon yellow appears as a small part of the girl's headscarf, and it fits with blue. Yellow and blue headscarves and brown clothes are still the usual three primary colors. They only slightly reduce the weight of red. The area of yellow and blue in the headscarf can not account for a large proportion of the picture. Especially lemon yellow, which is a very high-key color, has unified the color system with the clothes that account for a large proportion, so that the picture does not become fragile and fragile. Nor did they pull the works to the common customs of big red and big green. They looked very harmonious and quiet.