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Where did we come from? Who are we? Where are we going? Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? It is an oil on canvas created by French painter Paul gauguin in 1897.
The painting shows nude figures of different genders and ages. On the far right is a newborn baby, symbolizing the birth of mankind; In the middle is a young man picking apples, indicating the survival and development of mankind; On the far left is the image of an old woman, representing the end of human life. The whole work shows the audience a trilogy of human beings from birth to death. Most of the figures in the picture have bright skin. When appreciating this work, people can see many confusing images and feel a mysterious charm. The philosophy contained in this work triggers people to think deeply about life.
The painting is spread out in a tropical jungle. In the center of the painting, a middle-aged man is picking wild fruits, suggesting that Adam picks the fruit of wisdom. To his right, in the foreground, sat three women engaged in animated conversation, beside a sleeping child; In the distance, two robed mothers and daughters were walking away, holding each other's arms. On his left, in the foreground, were a little girl, a young woman, and an old woman, each with a different look, and perhaps representing three different stages of human life; In the distance was a mysterious and strange statue of a god flanked by two women, a large one and a small one, praying. Symbolic animals such as kittens, black goats, birds and lizards are painted on the ground. The whole painting is completely stable in blue and green, and the vivid orange and yellow nudes stand out in front of the dark landscape, adding to the mystery of the work.
The creation background
Gauguin's life was full of legends. He had been a sailor in his youth, and had travelled much of the world. Later, he engaged in securities trading and achieved great success. He married a wife and had children and lived a happy life. During this period, he began to engage in painting creation and collection activities. But he grew tired of the deceit and guile of the civilized world, and wanted to return to his primitive, natural childhood. To this end, he gave up everything he owned and went to Tahiti island in the southern Pacific twice for art creation and settlement. On the island, his life is poor and down and out, suffer from serious disease again, when hearing the sad news of the death of his favorite little daughter, his spirit completely collapsed, he took poison to commit suicide, want to end his life completely, but suicide attempt. In 1897, gauguin, with great sadness, completed "where did we come from? Who are we? Where are we going? .
This painting is the painter's summary of life, and also represents his final thorough understanding. Banish their own gauguin, with the imprint of modern civilized people, can only in the spiritual level to pursue their own soul in the human paradise, but he has to bear more civilized people can not free from confusion, sadness, confusion and anxiety. He condenses these complex emotions into symbolic painting forms, condensing the primitive memory of human beings, the real present and the distant future into the picture. The thesis of "knowing oneself", a philosophical proposition of mankind, is answered symbolically through my own brush, and my soul is liberated and sublimated.
From the perspective of painting skills, the painting is more concise and solemn with the modeling technique of flat painting, and the abstract background foiled the figure image, which makes it rich in Oriental decorative and romantic color, and has the style of fresco.
In terms of colors, gao geng prefers to use red and orange, blue and green, purple and dark brown, which makes his paintings more colorful and dreamlike than his earlier works. Besides, his composition also becomes more direct and bold, reflecting the wild and unrestrained nature of the painter.
In the background are Tahiti's unique mountains, rainforests and oceans, crisscrossing the river of history like ancient veins. Gauguin's characters are all from the island's aborigines, and he was impressed by them as soon as he arrived. They were all naturally naked, men and women, and never shy or taboo, their skin glowing orange and yellow against the tropical sun. Through the mysterious eyes of the girls, one may feel, as gauguin does, the long-lost past. In order to make the meaning of each part bright and clear, gao simplified the form. He used simple outline and bright color blocks close to flat painting to create a mysterious and strange atmosphere.
Luo shengjing, master's supervisor of school of art and design, guangdong university of technology, art appreciation of famous Chinese and foreign art works =ARTWORK: this painting is a pure illusion without modification, which combines gauguin's impression of Tahiti over the years with the illusion in the dream.
Art institute of Qingdao university of science and technology, professor, vice President of the Ma Yanyue "foreign art history" : the scenic part of the picture presents a stable blue and the green type veronese, front dash forward show the orange naked figures, landscape trees, flowers, fruits and other plants are a symbol of time Yi dies and "can't understand us and mystery. The decorative processing technique and color of the screen are completely unified to create a brilliant and deep atmosphere. This is a comprehensive reflection of the primitive and simple life impression and life philosophy that the painter has felt in Tahiti for many years.
The painting was given to George daniere DE monfred in Tahiti in 1898, and later changed hands several times. It was finally acquired by the harryman gallery in New York in 1936, and then transferred to the Boston museum of art for $80,000.
One of the highlights of the Paul gauguin retrospective, which opened at the Fondation Beyeler on Feb. 8, 2015, was "where did we come from? Who are we?
Author's brief introduction
Paul gauguin (1848 ~ 1903), an important innovator of French art after impressionism, was one of the three giants of post-impressionism together with van gogh and Cezanne. Born in Paris to a mother of Peruvian descent. He emphasizes bold lines and decorative colors, and his works pursue originality and strong symbolic significance. Representative works include the two Tahiti women, the woman with the fruit, our pilgrimage to Mary, the fragrant land, and where did we come from? Who are we? Where are we going? And so on.