--------Introduction in English--------
Las Meninas, The Maids of Honor, is a 1656 painting by The Spanish painter diego rodriguez DE silva velazquez, now in The prado gallery.
The painting is a painting of the life of the court with a vulgar characteristic, which depicts the daily life in the court. The little princess, Margaret, is depicted with a mixture of dignity and undisguised childishness, occupying the center of the picture. A palace maid kneels down to offer her a cup of water. The painter arranged himself in this dramatic plot, so that the whole painting has a strong flavor of life and emotional appeal.
The painting shows velazquez standing on the far left with a paintbrush in his hand and a serious expression, followed by maria, princess Margaret and Isabel, who are princess margarita's handmaid-in-waiting, from left to right. To the right were little mariba bora and botusato, whose feet were treading on a sleeping hound. Behind them stood a man and a woman, the lady marcela, the queen's dress-girl. The man's status is difficult to determine because he is in the shadow. The last man standing in the doorway, pena nieto, velazquez's relative, is watching the scene inside. In a mirror in the middle of the frame, Philip iv and his wife are posing for velazquez to portray, both as models and spectators in the middle.
The creation background
Since 1622, appoint lars katz began as a court painter of Spanish king Philip iv, in the 1650 s, when the main palace again, he from the king's residence indoor decorate, the palace's celebrations, no matter big and small are he checked, even in such a busy, diego velazquez or entrusted by the king Philip iv, created "GongE". The painting was titled "the king's house" when it was finished, and was later renamed "las meninas."
It has FengSuXing characteristics, starting from the appeal of the life to describe daily life in palace, at the same time, also reveals the fact that the people who live in the palace is not happy, they restrict the boring ways, to the noble young princess, she had lost her child should be naive, also must keep posing a reserved manner.
Painters broke royal portrait inherent principles, there is no king couples like traditional painting in the center of the picture, but put them in a secondary position, the composition is very bold, how much a bit arbitrary, his portraits in the palace of this kind of practice is a kind of reform, the character screen is no longer mechanically arranged together, but as far as possible in the state of nature, the natural light that shoots from the door and side window using very well, the light evenly scattered in every corner of the interior.
In las meninas, the central figure is princess Margaret, the youngest daughter of king Philip iv of Spain. On the left, a palace maid knelt down and offered her some tea. Margaret to the right of a palace maid is bow to bow, asing if is begging for princess mess, in the right bottom corner of the picture is two dwarf for court for fun and a snoozing dog, and the princess stood behind the two older servant may be Margaret regulators of daily life, as if they are talking about what was suddenly interrupted.
The most interesting thing about the whole scene is that velazquez places himself in the middle of it, standing behind a huge drawing board with a palette in his hand, as if he were a portrait of himself. Velazquez deliberately highlighted the knighthood on his chest, a coveted badge of honor. At the entrance to the hall stood the guard, who did not straighten himself, but stood with one foot on one of the lower steps.
It was king Philip iv and queen mariana who caught all the eye through a mirror on the wall. , however, is in to the king the lars katz couple drawing portraits, due to the sudden appearance of princess Margaret brought trouble, for the creation of the painter or artist as the draw for Margaret, as the little princess willfulness is difficult to cooperate, while the king and queen suddenly come, make dramatic changes have taken place in the story of the whole picture, next to the noble young princess Margaret every character reveals an air of panic, only the painter is so calm. At this time, the light from the side window into the room completely freezes the picture in this moment, this moment is like the camera quickly pressed the shutter, very real.
The work, which is three metres high and each object is the same size as the real thing, shows velazquez's skill. The artist paints each object perfectly and without perfunctory effort. The treatment of texture, form, space and light and shade is amazing. The painter shows people a "real" time segment of the statue.
The work remained in Philip iv's study after it was finished, and no one was allowed to look at it. Immediately after velazquez's death in 1660, Philip iv had the work restored and painted a red holy cross on velazquez's chest.
Sun tingting, dean of the Chinese language department at the school of media, yunnan university of finance and economics: las meninas by velazquez breaks the similarity chain and restores the multiplicity of space, thus completing the negation of traditional painting space
Affect future generations
Between August 17, 1957 solstice December 30, Picasso based on velazquez "las meninas", painted a large number of variant paintings, the number of up to 45, formed a work series. He later donated the works to the Picasso museum in Barcelona.
Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dali also painted las meninas. On October 18, 2014, Austria post issued a "master classic" stamp series, featuring princess Margaret in "las meninas" by Spanish painter diego rodriguez DE silva velazquez.
Author's brief introduction
Diego rodriguez DE silva Velasquez (1599-1660) was a Spanish painter of the baroque period in the 17th century. Velazquez was born in seville, Spain, the son of a local aristocrat. Like many masters, he loved to paint and showed great creative talent. In 1628, at the age of 29, velazquez set foot in the art capital and began his two-year study in Italy. He studied the outstanding artistic achievements of the Renaissance masters, especially the Venetian school's use of color. After returning to China, people found that his portraits are more elegant and accurate. What is valuable is that he has a kind of absorbing power hidden in the paper. His portrait works are full of magical charm due to his high realistic ability and clever grasp of color. Proud of his private possession, Philip iv made his portraits a major diplomatic gift and even lent them to European royal dignitaries to show political magnanimity. Velazquez was not only the court's chief painter, but also its artistic director. His representative works include: "the man selling water", "the old lady frying eggs", "the portrait of Pope innocent x", "the forge of vulcan" and so on.