《自由引导人民》（法语：La Liberté guidant le peuple）是法国画家欧仁·德拉克罗瓦为纪念1830年法国七月革命而创作的一幅油画。该画作在1831年的巴黎沙龙会展（Salon de Paris）上第一次正式对外进行展览，于1874年被卢浮宫博物馆收藏。画面展示的夺取七月革命胜利关键时刻的巷战场面，以浪漫主义的手法巧妙地将写意和写实结合起来，运用丰富而炽烈的色彩和明暗对比，充满着动势的构图，奔放的笔触，紧凑的结构，表现了革命者高涨的热情，歌颂了以工人、小资产阶级和知识分子为参加主体的七月革命，该作品成为代表法兰西民族精神的标志。
德拉克洛瓦在创作该幅油画时，用法兰西共和国国旗的红、白、蓝三色作为这幅画的主色，  画面中描绘的自由女神高举三色旗，左手拿枪，赤着脚，正领导着人民迎风前进，明确的主题表现出女性坚强、 勇敢的一面。在弥漫着浓浓硝烟的背景中，低纯度的人物刻画突出了两面中心的女神形象，红色的旗帜更是显得格外醒目，强烈的色彩对比使画面热情奔放，给人十足的力量感。
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La Liberte guidant le peuple (French: La Liberte guidant le peuple) is an oil painting created by the French painter Eugene delacroix to commemorate the French revolution of July 1830. The painting was first exhibited at the Salon DE Paris in 1831 and was in the collection of the Louvre museum in 1874. Picture of the July revolution victory is a crucial moment street scene, in the romantic technique cleverly combined freehand brushwork and realistic, and that the rich color and contrast, full of electromotive force composition, bold and unrestrained brush strokes, compact structure, represents the enthusiasm of the revolutionary upsurge, praising for workers, the petty bourgeoisie and intellectuals to participate in the main body of the revolution of July, the work become a symbol of the French national spirit.
The main body of the painting is a young woman wearing a Phrygian cap, with her right hand raised high, holding a tricolor flag in red, white and blue. Clara lessing, also known as the statue of liberty, wore a yellow dress with a belt around her waist that slid below her breasts, revealing her breasts. In her left hand is an infantry rifle with a bayonet (type 1816). Two Paris street urchin joined the fight spontaneously: the one on the left, clutching boulders and wearing a light infantry cap; Young women to the right of the child wearing a French students often wear black velvet berets, hanging on his shoulder a large size of the ammunition boxes, his right foot forward, one hand waving in the air cavalry pistol, rapid running forward, shows the scenario for freedom of the civil war, he symbolizes the young hero Lyle.
The leftwing warrior wears a beret with a white medal and a red liberty ribbon, an infantry sword (type 1816) or a flint lighter, a factory worker's workdress and sailor pants, and a Cholet handkerchief around his waist to hold a pistol. Next to him was a bourgeois or fashionable urbanite in a top hat, with baggy trousers and a red flannel band of a craftsman, and a double-barreled shotgun in his hand.
The creation background
"Freedom leads the people" is based on the revolutionary events of July 1830. The painting is also known as "July 27, 1830", which commemorates the uprising of the citizens of Paris on July 27, 1830 to overthrow the bourbon dynasty.
After the fall of napoleon in 1815, Louis xviii, who fled abroad, returned to France as king, which was the second restoration of the "bourbon dynasty", and the feudal forces were rampant again. In July 1830, Charles x, the successor to Louis xviii, attempted to further strengthen the royal power, restricting the voting rights of the people and the freedom of the press, and announced the dissolution of parliament. On July 26, 1830, the citizens of Paris heard about the uprising. They took up arms, they went to the barricades, they fought to overthrow the restored bourbons, they fought to overthrow the bourbons on the 27th to the 29th, they fought with royalists, they took the palace, and Charles x fled to England. Known in history as "three glorious days".
In this battle a girl named Clara lessing was the first to raise on the barricade the tricolour, the symbol of the French republic; The teenager, alaire, was shot when he planted the flag on a bridge near Notre Dame cathedral. The painter delacroix witnessed this tragic and violent scene, but also filled with righteous indignation, determined to paint a painting as a permanent memorial.
"Freedom leads the people" is a picture finalized by the painter based on hundreds of sketches of the "July revolution" street battle. The fallen body, the fighting warrior, and the woman holding up the flag of France form a stable and dynamic triangle. The three-color flag symbolizing freedom, equality and fraternity is located at the apex of isosceles triangle, and the vertical and horizontal position of the golden dividing line of the head of the goddess of liberty. The scene is magnificent and the composition is well-organized. Behind them are the marching soldiers, and in the distance is Notre Dame cathedral, the symbol of the heart of Paris. As a symbol of the free goddess image as the main body, the romantic temperament of delacroix bare their breasts has created such a woman image, say hello to the rear of the people, the myth of the statue of liberty to the people fought to arrange together, she has a Greek sculptural silhouette, wore a simple classic clothing, compared with in modern clothing of men around, she is more like an abstract person, representing the highest spirit and meaning. Close behind her are workers, citizens, children, students and so on. To her right is a young man with a double gun, running forward rapidly, showing the battle for the freedom of all people. He symbolizes the young hero alaire. A badly wounded young worker is looking up at liberty's tricolor flag. To the right of the foreground, two government soldiers lie dead on the ground. Armed, they marched through blood and corpses. Behind her, two workers brandished sharp knives with steely, angry expressions. Above the crowd was a cloudy sky. The painter painted himself into the painting, wearing a top hat and a tuxedo, clutching a spear in his hand, calling on the people to follow the example of the great past to rise up for struggle and revolution.
Delacrova used the red, white and blue colors of the national flag of the French republic as the main colors in this painting.  in the painting, the statue of liberty holding the tricolor flag high, holding a gun in her left hand and barefoot, is leading the people to march against the wind. The clear theme shows the strong and brave side of women. In the background filled with thick smoke, the low-purity character portrayal highlights the goddess image in the two centers, and the red flag is particularly striking. The strong color contrast makes the picture enthusiastic and unrestrained, giving a full sense of power.
The painting is based on real historical events, showing the revolutionary scenes in full swing, including the archetypal historical figures and the author's own participation, which all show the realistic significance of the painting. But the painting is called a masterpiece of delacroix's romantic style, because the scene is a concentrated romantic one, in which the statue of liberty is "an idealized figure of half man and half air". She has an ancient Greek figure, shirtless, wearing plain classical clothing, walking in front of the revolutionary team, the right hand held high: tricolor flag. Face to the crowd, as if calling on people to revolution to the end. So you can be free. Compared with the men around her wearing modern clothes, she is more like an abstract person, representing the highest spirit and significance. Healthy, strong, determined, beautiful and simple, she led the revolutionary team of workers and intellectuals to march forward courageously, embodying the revolutionary feelings of the country and the yearning for heroism. Aptly expresses the core political theme of modern society: freedom and democracy.
Chen huibing, director of the Chinese artists association: "freedom guides the people" is a romantic masterpiece with epoch-making significance, which becomes a powerful horn of the "July revolution" in France and an epic work commemorating the French bourgeois revolution. The statue of liberty has become the symbol of France.
Afect future generations
When it was exhibited in Paris on May 1, 1831, it caused a sensation. The German poet Heine wrote a hymn to this painting.
In 1831, the painting was acquired by the French government and exhibited at the Luxembourg palace for several months.
In 1848, when the February revolution broke out in France, the French people demanded that the painting be re-exhibited in the Luxembourg palace. In June of that year, during the Paris workers' uprising, the painting was taken down by the government as being inflammatory. It was not admitted to the Louvre until 1874. It has been in the Louvre since 1874.
"Freedom leads the people" has been exhibited only twice since it was collected by the Louvre in 1874.
In 1999, freedom guides the people was loaned to Japan for exhibition.
The Louvre opened a branch in northern France in February 2013, and "freedom guides the people" was moved to the Louvre to celebrate the opening. But in the course of this exhibition, it was vandalized by a female visitor with a mental disorder who used a black cursor pen. Fortunately, the painting did not cause significant damage to the whole work.
Author's brief introduction
Eugene delacroix (1798-1863) was a leading figure of the French romantic painting school. His paintings had a profound influence on later painters. Delacroix began studying at the academy of fine arts at the age of 18 under galen, a disciple of the neoclassical painter David. Delacroix especially liked to go to the Louvre to copy the works of the great masters, so his painting skills were very mature when he was very young, such as "freedom leads the people", "the massacre of Thea" and "the crusaders enter Constantinople".