《日出·印象》（英语：Impression Sunrise；法语：Impression,Soleil levant）是法国印象派画家克劳德·莫奈于1872年在勒阿弗尔港口创作的一幅油画。该画描绘了晨雾笼罩中的日出港口景象，用美妙的光的变幻与运动展现了迷人景色，以及画家用轻快跳跃的笔触刻画了光在宽阔的海面上反射与颤动的生动景象。
该画是印象主义绘画的开山之作，它标志着印象派绘画的产生。 印象派后来成为一个风靡全球， 影响深远的世界性画派。它强调自然界的光和色，把光与色的变化作为绘画的主流。莫奈被认为是第一个采用外光技法进行绘画的印象派大师。
--------Introduction in English--------
Impression Sunrise (English: Impression Sunrise; Impression,Soleil levant is an 1872 painting by the French impressionist painter Claude monet in the port of le havre. The painting depicts the sunrise harbor in the morning mist, showing the charming scenery with the wonderful changes and movements of light, and the vivid scene of light reflecting and trembling on the wide sea with the artist's brisk strokes.
Breaking through the limitations of traditional subject matter and composition, this work takes the perception of visual experience as the starting point and focuses on the infinite changing appearance in the light atmosphere. It is the most typical monet painting and the most famous classic painting in the future. It is the first work of impression painting school.
The picture depicts the sunrise view of le havre port through the mist. Through the refraction of the morning mist, a round red sun stands out from the dim scene and forms a warm light that tremors with waves on the water surface. The rapid brush strokes and light projection echo each other impressively. Monet used different strokes to depict the waves of light on the surface of the water. Three small boats were partly hidden in the hazy fog. The factory chimney, crane and other objects like pipit could be seen dimly in the distance.
The creation background
In 1872, monet visited his hometown of le havre in northwest France and created a series of works depicting le havre port. According to research, the painting was painted at 7:35 a.m. on November 13, 1872, at the port of havre.
"Impression at sunrise" depicts the port at sunrise in the morning mist. Monet in the painting is no longer with the mainstream academic art as clear and clear outline, and the color of fixed stylized as the theme, don't care about the theme of the picture and social significance, and even do not pay attention to the picture composition and form complete accurate, only pay attention to the color relations of images and light effects, through the water to reflect the subtle changes of the light color.
The painting is mainly composed of lilac, reddish, blue-gray and orange-yellow colors, and a vibrant red sun is slowly rising, dragging a ray of orange-yellow light from the sea. Sea water, sky, scenery in a relaxed tone, interlacing penetration, one integrated mass. Three small boats in the offshore, gradually become blurred in the mist, the distant buildings, ports, cranes, ships, masts, and so on are also dimly visible in the morning light. In this painting, light and shade are not the main characters, the main characters are colors. In the light of the sun, the infinite landscape of nature changes in impressionist paintings.
The painting does not pay attention to fine lines, through the "messy" brushwork to show the scene of mist blending. It was a rebellion against the art of the traditionally orthodox salonists. The painting is an instant visual experience and a lively mood, as opposed to the careful and definite outline, rigid and rigid tone aesthetic favored by official academic art. It was rebellious and aroused official opposition.
The composition of this painting adopts the pattern of well, in which the rising sun and drifting ships on the sea are all at the interest point of the picture, so that the audience can focus on the main body of the picture. The red sun is on the upper right corner of the zigzag, giving the impression of rising.
Affect future generations
The painting is the first work of impressionism painting, which marks the emergence of impressionism painting. Impressionism later became a popular and far-reaching worldwide school of painting. It emphasizes the light and color in nature and takes the change of light and color as the mainstream of painting. Monet is considered to be the first impressionist to paint using external light.
"Impression of sunrise" in the artistic point of view, against the orthodox position of the classical academy, against the increasingly falling into the stereotypes, artificial romantic painting. As an art trend, impressionism painting plays an important role in the history of world art, which promotes the innovation of art techniques and the transformation of concepts, and has exerted an important influence on European, American, Japanese and even Chinese painters.
Sunrise · impression is a representative work of impressionism. The birth of impressionism is a major revolution in the history of art and a milestone in the development of chromatics. It introduces the scientific concept of light and color into painting, innovates the traditional concept of inherent color, and creates the modern chromatics of sketching with light source color and environment color as the core. It scientifically analyzed and expressed the relationship between light and color, concise, clean and clever. It has very important research and reference significance to modern painting color and design color.
In 1985, the painting was stolen from the mamun tanmonet gallery.
On December 6, 1990, the painting was seized from a villa on the island of Corsica and returned to the mamontane monet.
In April 1874, at the initiative and campaign of monet and degas, the "independents" held their first exhibition in the studio of the Paris photographer nadal. With monet, renoir, sisley, pissarro and degas as the center, 165 works by 30 artists, including boudin and Cezanne, participated in the exhibition. Sunrise · impression is also shown for the first time in this exhibition.
Author's brief introduction
Claude monet (1840 ~ 1926), French impressionist painter, was born in Paris. Early had followed the painter cloth Dan and Lyle study painting, later and renoir, west weasley, ba JiYe contact closely, and often to barbizon Fontainebleau forest together sketch, creation "impression, sunrise" in 1872, the methods of primary colors, color segmentation, shows strong light color changes, marked the impressionism. In his later years, he created a large number of works related to water lilies. His masterpieces include painting on a boat by dien nai, riverside, weeping willows and water lilies.